Industry 4.0



How to navigate digitization
of the manufacturing sector
 
The new pacesetter of the industrial cycle
 
Evolution and convergence as key concepts 
 
Evolution and convergence are the key technological concepts for the production processes of the future. Evolution is constantly receiving new impetus from pioneering technological innovations. The pulley, the steam engine or plastic, for example, paved the way for the next industrial revolution that followed their invention.
 
Convergence
 describes the merger of previously separate industrial structures, technologies, media and solutions. The fusion can access common resources, which creates synergies and thus leads to more efficiency and additional added value. Example: Smartphone Convergence is also associated with a dramatic expansion of the functions of machinery, services and infrastructure. Like the innovations mentioned above, convergences – with the exception of the first industrial revolution – have also laid the foundation for the next industrial revolution. Both
phenomena characterize the industrial lifecycle.Merger of the physical and virtual worlds
The driving force behind the “third industrial revolution” was information technology. With the integration of software and hardware in the entire production workflow, industrial companies are now beginning to digitalise production. The physical and the virtual worlds in industrial
production are merging and laying the foundation for the “fourth industrial revolution“ (smart manufacturing, Industry 4.0): Companies are consolidating their product development, production, logistics and business systems so
that they can always produce and deliver on a decentralized basis, in a self-directed way and in real time
 
Industry 4.0 is driven and enabled by networking and the Internet. Previous individual solutions and embedded systems on a software basis – for example sensor systems in individual machines – form a network of reciprocally communicating elements, where the physical input is made by humans and the actual product is a physical output. The data for the entire production process chain, including product, customer and order data, is networked in these cyber-physical systems (CPS) – from capacity planning and production logistics, through production, all the way to quality control.
 
Local intelligence follows central management Holistically interconnected software manages the local operating parts of the company. CPPS consists of intelligent machines, storage systems and production plans, which exchange data autonomously, manage processes and monitor each other on a reciprocal basis – including safety and energy efficiency. This means a transition from
rigid, central production management systems to local intelligence.